ISSN: 2319-5835 

Guidelines to Authors 

Frontier Anthropology is an international peer-reviewed journal that aims to impart knowledge which may help understand humans in a larger academic context.

The journal accepts original, new research findings and significant articles on empirical, analytical, and theoretical frontier areas in different fields of anthropology. The journal publishes original manuscripts, brief reports, review articles, letters to the editor, and commentaries from our colleagues for a better understanding of the anthropological queries from different areas of Anthropology such as human variation and adaptation, genetic traits and disorders, anthropological genetics, growth and development, human biology, socio-cultural traits, museology, prehistoric archaeology, social issues, ethnography and ethnology, health and medical knowledge, thoughts and theories, culture change, traditional knowledge, applied perspective, etc. The journal also encourages work from interdisciplinary areas related to human research.

Preparation of Manuscripts
Material submitted for publication must be written in British English. It must be sent in electronic form in Microsoft Word format (as doc or rtf), and the pages must have 2.5 cm margins with the text written in Times New Roman 12p. The format must also have 1.5 line intervals, justified, and have no indentations or bold type. The line number should be marked in the manuscript.

Original articles should be concise with a maximum of 6000 words, excluding references with 40 citations. It should follow a formal organization with the following major sections: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References. Subheadings within sections may be used to clarify the organization more clearly. Figures and Tables should provide supportive information to be presented in the results and discussions. Additional tables and figures may be submitted under Supporting Information if the authors feel so. Brief Communications are short research contributions limited to 2500 words and 20 references. The format is the same as the original research articles. Review Articles will have a maximum of words of 8000, excluding references of 40 citations following the same format of original articles.  

Letters to the Editor should be restricted to 1500 words, including a maximum of 7 references. It is believed that such letters to the editors will provide opportunities for comment, questions, and criticisms of recently published work.  A letter will be rejected if it is against a person or community rather than academic discourse. 

Part of the manuscript
The manuscript should contain the following structure to be submitted in different separate files i) cover letter, ii) main text, iii) table file(s), iv) figure file(s), and v) supporting information files if any.

Cover letter
A Cover Letter must accompany all submissions. The Cover Letter should describe the manuscript's unique contribution. It should disclose any prior publications or submissions with any overlapping information, including Methods, or a statement that there are no prior publications or submissions with any overlapping information. It should enclose a statement that the work is not and will not be submitted to any other journal while under consideration by Frontier Anthropology.

Main Text File
The text file should be presented in the following order:
i. Title Page: The title page should have a short informative title that contains significant keywords. The title should not contain abbreviations. Author(s) need to provide a short running title of less than 48 characters, full names of the authors, and institutional affiliations. Details of the corresponding author such as name, designation, affiliation, e-mail should be provided on the title page.
ii. Abstract: An abstract of 250 words or fewer containing the major keywords summarizing the article should be submitted at the time of submission. Abstracts for Research Articles and Brief Communications should be structured with the following headings in bold, separated by line breaks: Objectives, Materials, and Methods, Results, Discussion.
iii. Keywords: Provide a minimum of five important keywords
iv.  Main text:
Introduction: The Introduction should provide enough background for the reader to understand the objectives and motivation of the study. An extensive literature review is unnecessary and should be avoided.
Materials and Methods: The materials and method should provide the details of the methodology employed in the manuscript.
Results: The Results section should present the findings of the study without excessive interpretation. Tables and figures should be submitted as separate files, though the place of tables and figures should be marked in the results section.
Discussion: The Discussion section is the appropriate place for all interpretation of the study results, comparison with the results of previous studies, and hypotheses based on those comparisons. Interpretations should be restrained and justified by the results. The significance and limitation of the manuscript should also be mentioned.
Conclusion: The conclusion section should be precise without any citation. It may indicate suggestions or future implications of the work.
References: The journal references should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) (7th edition, 2020). It means in-text citations should follow the author-date method whereby the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text (for example Singh, 1998). The number of authors determines the use of et al. and whether it is the first time a reference has been cited in the paper. Specifically, articles with one or two authors include all names in every in-text citation (for example, Singh & Babu, 2020); articles with three, four, or five authors include all names in the first in-text citation but are abbreviated to the first author's name plus et al. upon subsequent citations (for example Singh et al., 2020).
The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper. Please note that for journal articles, issue numbers are not included unless each issue in the volume begins with page 1, and a DOI should be provided for all references where available. For more information about APA referencing style, please refer to the 

Reference examples follow:
1. Journals With one author
ManiBabu, M. (2009). Hoabinhian and Edge-Ground Tools of early post-Pleistocene times: Southeast Asia Lithic Technology. South Asian Anthropologist, 9(1), 87-96. DOI (if available)
With two and more than two authors
Singh, S. J., Singh, H. V. & Thingnam, J. (2006). Dermatoglyphic Patterns in Diabetes Mellitus. South Asian Anthropologist, 6(2), 101-105.
Singh, O. K. (1997). Stone Age Archaeology of Manipur. Imphal: Amusana Institute of Antiquarian Studies.
Chapters in edited books
Nabakumar, W. 2009. Ethnic Groups, Ethnicity and Contemporary Social Formation in Manipur. In B. Choudhury & P. J. Mahanta (Eds.), The World of Dr. B.M. Das- A Tribute (Dr Bhuban Mohan Das Commemoration Volume) (pp. 435-447). Guwahati: Assam Academy for Cultural Relations.
World Health Organization. (2014). Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition.
Singh, L. R. (1986). Physical Variation between two sections of the Kabuis of Manipur and their Ethnic Position. (Unpublished) [Doctoral thesis, Gauhati University, Assam].
Paper presented
Arunkumar, M. C. (2009, July, 27-31). Meitei of Indo-Burma Region. International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Kunming, China,
Machado, J., & Turner, K. (2020, March 7). The future of feminism. Vox.
Print Newspaper/Magazine
Reynolds, G. (2019, April 9). Different strokes for athletic hearts. The New York Times, D4
10. Online Newspaper
Roberts, S. (2020, April 9). Early string ties us to Neanderthals. The New York Times.
1. Print Magazine
Nicholl, K. (2020, May). A royal spark. Vanity Fair, 62(5), 56–65, 100.
Online Magazine
Gander, K. (2020, April 29). COVID-19 vaccine being developed in Australia raises antibodies to neutralize the virus in pre-clinical tests. Newsweek. vaccine-neutralize-virus-1500849

The acknowledgements section should include any sources of support such as grants, equipment, or drugs; and any acknowledgments of persons who have made a substantive contribution to the study. Authors should obtain written permission from anyone that they wish to list in the Acknowledgments section. The corresponding author must also affirm that he or she has listed everyone who contributed significantly to the work in the Acknowledgments.

Conflict of Interest
The journal requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and collectively to disclose with the submission all pertinent commercial and other relationships.

Tables should be self-contained and complement the information contained in the text and not duplicate them. They should be supplied as editable files, not pasted as images. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend, and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. All abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. Table file should be submitted separately indicating its position in the manuscript.

Figures should be submitted in separate files. Although authors are encouraged to send the highest-quality figures possible, for peer-review purposes, a wide variety of formats, sizes, and resolutions are accepted. Ideally, the file size should not exceed 5 MB.  Please refrain from submitting zipped files
Figures submitted in colour may be reproduced in colour online free of charge. Please note, however, that it is preferable that line figures (e.g. graphs and charts) are supplied in rgb(0, 0, 0) and white so that they are legible if printed by a reader in rgb(0, 0, 0) and white.

Figure Legends
Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement. Please provide for each figure a separate legend in the section of the manuscript after the references.

Supporting Information
Supporting information is information that is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background. It is hosted online and appears without editing or typesetting. It may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc.

General Style Points
The following points provide general advice on formatting and style.
• Abbreviations: In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly, and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially, use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.
• Units of measurement: Measurements should be given in SI or SI-derived units.
• Numbers: numbers under 10 are spelt out, except for: measurements with a unit (8mmol/l); age (6 weeks old), or lists with other numbers (11 dogs, 9 cats, 4 gerbils).

Editorial Policies and Peer Review
The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to journal readership. Papers will only be sent to review if the Editor-in-Chief determines that the paper meets the appropriate quality and relevance requirements.

Frontier Anthropology operates a double-blind peer-review system. The reviewers do not know the names or affiliations of the authors, and the reviewer reports provided to the authors are anonymous. Submitted manuscripts will generally be reviewed by two to three experts who will be asked to evaluate whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and coherent, whether it duplicates already published work, and whether or not the manuscript is sufficiently clear for publication. Reviewers will also be asked to indicate how interesting and significant the research is. The Editors will reach a decision based on these reports and, where necessary, they will consult with members of the Editorial Board.

Ethical Consideration
For manuscripts reporting medical studies that involve human participants, a statement identifying the ethics committee that approved the study and confirmation that the study conforms to recognized standards is required.  It should also state clearly in the text that all participants gave their informed consent before their inclusion in the study.

Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects from being recognized (or an eye bar should be used). Images and information from individual participants will only be published when the authors have obtained the individual's free prior informed consent.

Authors should list all funding sources in the Acknowledgments section. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their funder designation.

The list of authors should accurately illustrate who contributed to the work and how. All those listed as authors should qualify for authorship according to the following criteria:
1. Have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data
2. Been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content
3. Given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content; and
4. Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Contributions from anyone who does not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed, with permission from the contributor, in the Acknowledgment section (for example, to recognize contributions from people who provided technical help, collation of data, writing assistance, acquisition of funding, or a department chairperson who provided general support). Before submitting the article, all authors should agree that their names be listed in the manuscript as per the order submitted in the manuscript.

The authors are encouraged to give their ORCID id in the submission of the manuscript.

 Publication process and After Acceptance
Accepted Articles
All accepted manuscripts are subject to editing. Authors have final approval of changes before publication.

Authors will receive an e-mail notification with a pdf file for page proofs. Page proofs should be carefully proofread for any copyediting or typesetting errors. Authors should also ensure that any renumbered tables, figures, or references match text citations and that figure legends correspond with text citations and actual figures. Proofs must be returned within 48 hours of receipt of the e-mail.

The Anthropological Society of Manipur holds the copyright in all the materials published in the journal. The Editorial Board reserves the right to edit the manuscript and ensure stylistic consistency towards enhancing the quality of the paper.

Contributors must accept full responsibility for the content of their articles. Submission of a paper will imply that it is unpublished and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Acceptance of the paper is based on the content of original data and interpretation of the material. The editors reserve the right to edit manuscripts to ensure conciseness, clarity, and stylistic consistency.